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How Do Bunions Form?

Monday, 16 December 2019 00:00

Bunions can arise for a number of different reasons. Some factors that may lead to one getting a bunion include inheriting a bunion tendency, commonly wearing ill-fitting shoes such as high heels, and having rheumatoid arthritis. Other reasons may include birth deformities as well as foot stresses or injuries. A bulging, bony bump on the base of the big toe is a key indicator that you might have a bunion. Along with having a bony bump, swelling, redness, and soreness are additional symptoms that may come with this foot condition. Corns or calluses may also form due to the toes rubbing against each other. If you are experiencing continuous foot pain or decreased mobility of your big toe, we recommend you meet with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and advised treatment plan.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Brian D. Jackson, DPM of Middle Tennessee Foot & Ankle Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Columbia and Pulaski, TN. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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